Run as embedded library
- Quick start
- Coordinator internals
Often you want to embed and integrate Samza as a component within a larger application. To enable this, Samza supports a standalone mode of deployment allowing greater control over your application’s life-cycle. In this model, Samza can be used just like any library you import within your Java application. This is identical to using a high-level Kafka consumer to process your streams.
You can increase your application’s capacity by spinning up multiple instances. These instances will then dynamically coordinate with each other and distribute work among themselves. If an instance fails for some reason, the tasks running on it will be re-assigned to the remaining ones. By default, Samza uses Zookeeper for coordination across individual instances. The coordination logic by itself is pluggable and hence, can integrate with other frameworks.
This mode allows you to bring any cluster-manager or hosting-environment of your choice(eg: Kubernetes, Marathon) to run your application. You are also free to control memory-limits, multi-tenancy on your own - since Samza is used as a light-weight library.
The Hello-samza project includes multiple examples of Samza standalone applications. Let us first check out the repository.
git clone https://gitbox.apache.org/repos/asf/samza-hello-samza.git hello-samza cd hello-samza
Installing Zookeeper and Kafka
We will use the
./bin/grid script from the
hello-samza project to setup up Zookeeper and Kafka locally.
./bin/grid start zookeeper ./bin/grid start kafka
Building the binaries
Let us now build the
hello-samza project from its sources.
mvn clean package mkdir -p deploy/samza tar -xvf ./target/hello-samza-1.1.0-dist.tar.gz -C deploy/samza
Running the application
We are ready to run the example application WikipediaZkLocalApplication. This application reads messages from the wikipedia-edits topic, and calculates counts, every ten seconds, for all edits that were made during that window. It emits these results to another topic named
./deploy/samza/bin/run-class.sh samza.examples.wikipedia.application.WikipediaZkLocalApplication --config-factory=org.apache.samza.config.factories.PropertiesConfigFactory --config-path=file://$PWD/deploy/samza/config/wikipedia-application-local-runner.properties
You can run the above command again to spin up a new instance of your application.
To inspect events in output topic, run the following command.
./deploy/kafka/bin/kafka-console-consumer.sh --zookeeper localhost:2181 --topic wikipedia-stats
You should see the output messages emitted to the Kafka topic.
Standalone Coordinator Internals
Samza runs your application by logically breaking its execution down into multiple tasks. A task is the unit of parallelism for your application, with each task consumeing data from one or more partitions of your input streams. Obviously, there is a limit to the throughput you can achieve with a single instance. You can increase parallelism by simply running multiple instances of your application. The individual instances can be executed on the same machine, or distributed across machines. Likewise, to scale down your parallelism, you can shut down a few instances of your application. Samza will coordinate among available instances and dynamically assign the tasks them. The coordination logic itself is pluggable - with a Zookeeper-based implementation provided out of the box.
Here is a typical sequence of actions when using Zookeeper for coordination.
Everytime you spawn a new instance of your application, it registers itself with Zookeeper as a participant.
There is always a single leader - which acts as the coordinator. The coordinator which manages the assignment of tasks across the individual containers. The coordinator also monitors the liveness of individual containers and redistributes the tasks among the remaining ones during a failure.
Whenever a new instance joins or leaves the group, it triggers a notification to the leader. The leader can then recompute assignments of tasks to the live instances.
Once the leader publishes new partition assignments, all running instances pick up the new assignment and resume processing.